Australia's batsman Travis Head made a 'king pair' in the second test against West Indies. That means he was out on zero on the first ball in both the innings of the test. In the first innings he was sent to the pavilion by Kemar Roach and in the second innings by Shamar Joseph.
This is not the first time in cricket that a batsman made a king pair. Australia's Adam Gilchrist has done this in 2001. India's Suryakumar Yadav has been out on zero in 3 consecutive innings last year itself. Which is called 'batting hat-trick' in cricket. Being out on zero in cricket is very bad, but to make it worse, 13 different names have been given. Today we know that there are 13 different types of zero in cricket.
In cricket, being out without opening the account or being out on zero is called a duck. Travis Head made a duck against West Indies. West Indies' Courtney Walsh has the highest number of 43 ducks in Tests. Sanath Jayasuriya of Sri Lanka (34 ducks) in ODI and Paul Stirling of Ireland (13 ducks) in T20 have scored the most ducks.
Getting out on the very first ball is called a golden duck. Travis Head was also out on the very first ball of his innings, hence he scored a golden duck in the first innings. Players have become victims of golden duck 1770 times in Test, 2174 in ODI and 1804 times in T-20.
Getting out on zero on the second ball is called a silver duck. India's Shubman Gill was also out on zero on the second ball in the second innings of the second Test against England, hence he scored a silver duck.
Till now, players have become victims of silver duck 1292 times in Test, 1497 in ODI and 966 times in T-20. In the second Test against South Africa in January, 3 Indian players had scored silver ducks. Then Team India had lost 6 wickets without scoring any runs.
Getting out on zero on the third ball of an innings is called a bronze duck. Till now, players have scored bronze duck 926 times in Test, 965 in ODI and 538 times in T-20.
Getting out without playing the ball is called a diamond duck. Batter run out, time out, field obstruction can result in a diamond duck. A player can also become a victim of a diamond duck by being stumped out on a wide ball without opening the account.
Players have become victims of diamond duck 33 times in Test, 166 in ODI and 122 times in T-20. Sri Lanka's Angelo Mathews was declared time out in the ODI World Cup. Then he was out without playing the ball, that is, he had made a diamond duck. In the 2023 IPL, Ravichandran Ashwin was run out without playing a ball against Royal Challengers Bangalore. He was playing for Rajasthan Royals.
If the innings ends with the batsman getting out on zero, then it is called laughing duck. Josh Hazlewood was the laughing duck in the second Test against West Indies. After playing 6 balls, he was bowled by Shamar Joseph without opening the account. With his wicket, West Indies had won the Test.
The term royal duck is used for openers who are out on the very first ball of the match or innings. It is also called platinum duck. 153 times in ODI, 124 times in Test and 153 times in T-20, openers have been out on the very first ball of the innings. Indian legend Sunil Gavaskar has scored a royal duck 5 times in his Test career. Which no one among the Indian openers has been able to achieve till now.
Being out on zero in both innings of a test is called a pair. New Zealand's Chris Martin has made the maximum number of 7 pairs in Tests. BS Chandrashekhar from India has been the victim of a pair 4 times. Dean Elgar of South Africa had made a pair in his debut test against Australia in 2012.
Getting out on the first ball in both innings of a test is called a king pair. Travis Head had made a king pair against West Indies. He was out on the first ball in both the innings. Till now 23 players have formed king pair in Test. India's Virender Sehwag has made this unwanted record in his name in the Birmingham Test against England in 2011.
Being out on zero in 3 consecutive innings is called a batting hat-trick. 68 players have scored batting hat-trick in ODI and 31 in T-20. In 2023, Suryakumar Yadav was out on zero in 3 consecutive matches of the ODI series against Australia. Twice he was sent to the pavilion by Mitchell Starc and once by Ashton Agar.
Being out on zero in 4 consecutive innings is called a batting double hat-trick. 28 players have scored batting double hat-trick in Test and 5 in ODI. Pakistan's Abdullah Shafiq is the only cricketer to score a batting double hat-trick in T-20.
Being out on zero in 5 consecutive innings is called a triple batting hat-trick. In international cricket, only 3 players have become victims of triple batting hat-trick. Australia's Bob Holland in 1985, India's Ajit Agarkar in 1999 and Pakistan's Mohammad Asif in 2006 have been out on zero in 5 consecutive innings. All three scored triple batting hat-tricks in the Test.
Being out on zero in 6 consecutive innings is called a quadruple batting hat-trick. India's Ajit Agarkar is the only player to make this unwanted record in his Test career. He was out on zero in not 6 but 7 consecutive innings against Australia from December 1999 to January 2000.
Agarkar was out on zero 9 times in his Test career and 3 times he scored a duck in both the innings of the Test. However, Agarkar has also scored a century at Lord's Stadium, which batsmen like Sachin Tendulkar and Virat Kohli could never do.
The story of Duck is very simple. Duck egg is oval shaped, which looks like '0' (zero). If the batsman is out without opening the account, only '0' is written in the scorecard. That's why getting out on zero in cricket is called a duck. There is no other story behind this.
If you want to avoid these 13 types of ducks, then it is better to score at least one run in your account while batting. Otherwise, 13 different types of penalties can be imposed in the name of 0 balance.