In cricket, a "duck" refers to a batsman getting dismissed without scoring any runs in their innings. The term "golden duck" specifically refers to a batsman being dismissed on the first ball they face, without contributing any runs to their team's score.
There are several types of ducks in cricket, each indicating specific circumstances of a batsman's dismissal without scoring any runs:
When a batsman is dismissed on the very first legal delivery they face.
When a batsman is dismissed on the second delivery of their innings.
When a batsman is dismissed on the third delivery of their innings.
When a batsman is dismissed without facing any legal delivery, typically due to a run-out or a time-out.
When the opening batsman is dismissed on the first ball of their team's innings.
When a batsman is dismissed at the end of their team's innings.
When a batsman gets dismissed for zero in both innings of a Test match or a first-class game.
When a batsman is dismissed on the first ball they face in both innings of a Test match without scoring any runs.
Among former cricketers, Muttiah Muralitharan from Sri Lanka holds the record for the most golden ducks in Test matches, with a total of 14. In One-Day Internationals (ODIs), Lasith Malinga, also from Sri Lanka, holds the record with 13 golden ducks.
In T20 Internationals, Pakistan's Umar Akmal has the most golden ducks, having been dismissed without scoring on six occasions in the shortest format of the game.
Additionally, in the Indian T20 League, AB de Villiers, Suresh Raina, Gautam Gambhir, and Parthiv Patel share the record for the most golden ducks, with each player being dismissed without scoring on four occasions.
In conclusion, understanding the various types of ducks in cricket adds another layer of intrigue to the game. From the infamous golden duck to the rare diamond duck, these dismissals without scoring a single run reflect the unpredictable nature of cricket. Whether it's a batsman falling victim to a brilliant delivery or succumbing to pressure, these moments shape the course of a match and leave a lasting impact on players and fans alike.
Cricket, with its unique terminology and intricacies, continues to captivate enthusiasts around the world. The different types of ducks offer an interesting narrative within the game, providing cricket fans with additional statistics and moments to celebrate or lament.
Ultimately, cricket's fascination extends beyond the runs scored and wickets taken. It encompasses the drama, the emotions, and the unforgettable instances of triumph or disappointment that define the sport. So, the next time you witness a golden duck or any other type of duck, remember that cricket's magic lies not only in the runs on the board but also in the tales of resilience and the unforeseen twists that keep us enthralled.