Chandrayaan-3 lunar mission: Know all the information about Chandrayaan 3
By Kaif - July 14, 2023 - Last updated on Jul 14, 2023 04:22 PM
Chandrayaan 3 - India's third moon mission 'Chandrayaan-3' was launched today. Chandrayaan-3 was launched on 14th July at 2.35 pm. It was launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.
Chandrayaan-3 was launched from LVM3-M4 rocket. It was earlier known as GSLV MK-III. Space agency ISRO launched Chandrayaan-2 with this rocket.
Chandrayaan-3 lunar mission
ISRO has already launched Chandrayaan-1 in the year 2008 and Chandrayaan-2 in 2019. Chandrayaan-1 had only orbiter. Chandrayaan-2 had an orbiter as well as a lander and a rover. There will be no orbiter in Chandrayaan-3, only a lander and rover will remain. This time also ISRO named the lander 'Vikram' and the rover 'Pragyan'. Lander and Rover had the same names in Chandrayaan-2 as well.
Chandrayaan-3 is being described as the follow-up mission of Chandrayaan-2. Its purpose is also to make a soft landing of the lander on the south pole of the moon. Vikram Lander had a hard landing in Chandrayaan-2. Three months later, the American space agency NASA found its debris. Four years after this, ISRO will again try to land the lander and rover on the South Pole through Chandrayaan-3. The rover, a six-wheeled robot, will be inside the lander and will come out after landing.
Chandrayaan 3 Key points
| ||'Vikram' lander||'Pragyan' Rover|
|Mission Life||1 lunar day (14 days)||1 lunar day (14 days)|
|Weight||1,749.86 kg||26 kilos|
|Work||Soft landing on the south pole of the Moon.||Detection of water-minerals present on the lunar surface.|
Know all the information about Chandrayaan 3
- ISRO had announced the launch of Chandrayaan-3 in January 2020. It was to be launched in 2021. But due to Kovid it got delayed.
- Chandrayaan-3 will not have an orbiter like Chandrayaan-2, but it will have a propulsion module. Lander and Rover will be connected with this propulsion module. When the module is 100 kilometers away from the lunar surface, then the lander will separate from it. But before all this happens, the propulsion module will also make several rounds of the moon.
- After the landing of the lander on the moon, the rover will come out of it. The life of this mission will be 1 lunar day. One day on the Moon is equal to 14 days on Earth.
- Chandrayaan-3 has been launched today (July 14), but it will take more than a month to reach the moon. It can land on the surface of the moon on 23 or 24 August. However, this date can be back and forth as well. May be in September as well. Chandrayaan-2 was launched on 22 July, but the Vikram lander crash-landed on 6-7 September.
What is the purpose of Chandrayaan 3?
- Chandrayaan-3 also has the same objective as Chandrayaan-2. That's a soft landing on the south pole of the Moon. The cost of ISRO's third lunar mission is said to be around Rs 615 crore.
- According to ISRO, Chandrayaan-3 has three objectives. First- Safe and soft landing of Vikram Lander on the Moon's surface. Second- To show Pragyan Rover running on the surface of the Moon. And third- to conduct scientific tests.
- If Chandrayaan-3's lander makes a soft landing on the lunar surface, India will be the fourth country to do so. Earlier, America, Russia, and China landed landers on the surface of the moon. However, India will be the first country to land a lander on the South Pole. To date, no country has landed a lander on the South Pole.
- Before India, China had tried to do this. China's Chang'e-4 spacecraft landed at some distance from the South Pole.